The capital of Northern Greece and one of the most important cities in the history of the Balkans is a living city monument, counting nowadays approximately 1.000.000 inhabitants and 23 centuries of existence and constant history. Up to the 6th century BC, the city which was built on the ThermaikosGulf was named Thermi. However, the archeologists have proof of habitation from the 3rd millennium BC and up to the Classical Ages, in three locations in the wider area of Thessaloniki, Ano Tumba, Polihni and Karaburnaki (it is worth to be mentioned that these three locations are forming a triangle).
More specifically, the city history begins in 316-315 BC, when king Kassandros united 26 smaller cities and founded this new city-nation, naming it Thessaloniki, after his wife and sister of Alexander the Great. The geographical location that Kassandros chose to found Thessaloniki was no accident. The rivers of Northern Greece disembogued in the ThermaikosGulf and that was a sufficient and important factor for the communication with the inner grounds. Apart from that, the unique location of the port and its size which was more than adequate to serve the communication with the Black Sea, all of the Eastern Ports and the islands of the AegeanOpenSea, led Kassandros to his decision. Thessaloniki soon became trading center and developed an important naval force.
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