Hydrobiological Station of Rhodes
The Reale Istituto di Ricerche Biologiche di Rodi (Royal Biological Research Institute of Rhodes) was founded in the years 1934-1935, during the Italian occupation of the Dodecanese Islands (1912-1943). The Italian architect Armando Bernabiti was responsible for the design and construction of the building which was completed in 1935. In his work, local and Art Déco architectural elements were combined with naval elements, such as curved lines, openings like portholes, different height levels and a central cylindrical tower. Marine fauna provided the inspiration for the main entrance decor.
The original interior of the Aquarium, which has been preserved, is embellished with porous rocks and natural seashells, in order to create the ambience of an underwater cave. The entrance floor, of black and white pebble mosaic, with representations of marine creatures, has also been preserved in its original form.
The exterior of the building remained unchanged until 1971-72, when an exhibition hall (museum) and a pool for seals were added at the north side.
The Greek Ministry of Culture has classified the original building as an historical landmark and distinguished example of the "International" style of architecture.
The Institute began to operate in 1937 focusing mostly on biological and hydrological subjects related to the Aegean Sea and also on problems regarding sponge fishing, fisheries and agricultural entomology, hosting at the same time an aquarium with interesting samples of the Mediterranean fauna.
From 1948, when the Dodecanese Islands were united with Greece, until 1963, the Institute continued operating as a Regional Station of the Hellenic Hydrobiological Institute under Athens Academy of Sciences auspices.
Since 1963, with its present name, the Hydrobiological Station of Rhodes(H.S.R.) has operated as an Aquarium-Museum and a research station of the National Centre for Marine Research (N.C.M.R.), which, in its turn, has become part of the recently-created Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (June 2003).
The Station came into existence during the Italian occupation of Rhodes, and its Art-Deco-inspired exterior and interior have been preserved as a historic landmark.
HSR is both an HCMR research unit and a public Aquarium/Museum thus combining research and recreational, educational and awareness - raising programmes.
Not only does it conduct aquatic research, participate in conservation programmes e.g. concerning the endangered fish Ladigesocypris ghigi or other aquatic animals), but also carries out educational and awareness raising programs targeted towards various social groups. The Aquarium/Museum attracts many thousands of visitors each year to view its range of species and its interesting exhibitions.
The overall aim of the Hydrobiological Station of Rhodes is to develop and disseminate scientific knowledge on the marine environment and its conservation. It is carried out within a dual framework, brought about by its dual function as a Museum/Aquarium.
As one of the field stations of HCMR, it carries out research commitments as part of its operational requirements. As a major Aquarium in the Eastern Mediterranean, attracting more than 200.000 visitors annually, it undertakes many public awareness, educational and dissemination activities.
The HSR carries out variable activities oriented, amongst others, towards the oceanographic research in the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, the study and conservation of endangered aquatic species (rescue, treatment, rehabilitation, release of aquatic animals in distress) and the development of know-how in the field of aquariology.
The Aquarium has many interesting fauna and flora species, endemic to the Aegean and the Eastern Mediterranean Seas. There are also immigrant species, not endemic to the area, which enter the Mediterranean from the Red Sea. A special 1000l. tank hosts the endangered freshwater fish Gizani (Ladigesocypris ghigii), endemic to the island of Rhodes.
The aim is to reach out to the community on many different levels by organizing various marine environmental activities that mainly concern cooperation with other research and educational institutes, provision of training and consultancies concerning sustainable management, transfer of knowledge to specific public groups by organising specialised lectures and seminars, training of students on specialised subjects and educational activities aiming at awakening environmental awareness of secondary stage pupils.
The Aquarium is open daily, except on Greek Orthodox Easter Sunday, Christmas Day (December 25) and New Year's Day (January 1).
April 1 - October 1: 09.00 - 20.30
November 1 - March 31: 09.00 - 16.30
The Aquarium is within easy reach of the town, either by walking or cycling along the seaside road from the town of Rhodes. Alternatively, it can be reached by bus, car or taxi if preferred.
Entrance Fees for 2009
Full Admission: 5 euros
Reduced Admission for the following categories: 2,50 euros
Groups (15 person or more)
School pupils and under 18
Families with 3 or more children
Old Age Pensioners (over 65)
Public Security Forces
Disabled persons and an escort
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research
Hydrobiological Station of Rhodes
P.C. 851 00 Rhodes
Tel: +30 2241027308 ? 320
Fax: +30 22410 78321