The city of Rethymnon is the capital of the province of Rethymno and has been built on the north coast of Crete where there is the Cretan Sea .The population of the town of Rethymno is around 23.126 inhabitants .Furthermore, there are many historical and cultural sightseeing’s in Rethymno .Its natural beauty and its traditional character make Rethymno a quaint and attractive destination for unforgettable holidays .The old city is the monumental museum .All these elements attract the visitor .In the last 25 years ,Rethymno has seen a significant growth ,in economy by the development of tourism and in culture by the operation of the university .
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Rethymno started growing again when the Venetian conquerors of the island wanted to have an intermediate commercial station between Heraklionand Chania acquiring its own bishop and nobility. Today's old town (palia poli) is almost entirely built by Venetians. It is one of the best preserved old towns in Crete.
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The town still maintains its old aristocratic appearance, with its buildings dating from the 16th century, arched doorways, stone staircases, Byzantine and Hellenic-Roman remains, small Venetian harbor and narrow streets. The Venetian Loggia today houses the information office of the ministry of culture.
The big municipal gardens are ideal for those in search of shade and tranquility. Throughout the year various activities are organized which draw a large crowd. The Wine Festival is held there annually at the beginning of July. Another festival is held on 7-8th of November, in memory of the destruction of Arkadi Monastery.
It has a Venetian castle called the Fortetza which is the one of the biggest and best standing castles in Crete. Other monuments include the Neratze mosque (St. Katherine's Catholic Church), the Great Gate (megali porta, Porta Guerra), the Piazza Rimondi (Rimmondi square), the Venetian Loggia etc. Today its main income is tourism, with large Facilities that have been built the past 20 years and Agriculture especially, for its olive oil and Mediterranean products. It is also the base of the Philosophical School and the University Library of the University of Crete and the School of Social and Political Sciences having 8,000 students every year on its University Campus at "Galos" and where the Academic Institute of Mediterranean Studies is situated.
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