The village of Pythagorio is built on the seaside, south of the island’s town, about 13km. away. Pythagorio is built on the ruins of the ancient city of Samos, and today it has a population of approximately 2,500 inhabitants. Once, it was a big tobacco growing area.
In the earlier days the village was called Tigani, («frying pan»), due to the shape of its circular harbor. Its current name was given to the village in the year of 1955 by the International Organization of Pythagoreans in honor of the great philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, who was born here.
Despite the fact that Pythagorio is the most developed tourist area, it manages to retain a relaxed atmosphere of tradition.