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History of Pramanta

Pramanta constituted always the crossroad, the faboulous bargain, the bigger town of Tzoumerka. Everywhere the people of Pramanta, that lives in the city of Ioannina, in the city of Arta, in the city of Amphilochia, in Athens, in other regions of the country, but also in the abroad, they exceed today 20.000. It is exceptionally difficult for us to determine with precision when our village first lived in. Discoveries that have been located in the Virgin Mary, in the Saint Basileios and in the Christs, as traces of ancient settlement, one big weapon of stone, ruins of fortress, huge cyclopean castles etc refer us in the New Stone season. Despite these, this ascertainment requires further scientific researches and methodical excavation. In her current geographic form, the wider region of village Pramanta, included the settlements Christs, Tsopelas, Saint Trinity, Dounavos, Small pieces, Fraxos, Tourka, as well as other smaller settlements, is speculated that it was developed in the means of 15th century. The name Pramanta in that region first appears in the written speech in document of Venetian Democracy, in 1697. According to the historical recordings that have become acquaintances until now, the spesific versions as for the origin of name are three:

·          The linguists Simeonidis and Max Vasmer support that the origin of word Pramanta is Slavic.
·          The Historical Panagiotis Aravantinos reports that the region were named Pramanta, because it functioned as something like an another store of the oracle of Dodoni. 
 
·          According to the oral delivery, the name emanated from the word “things”, terminology that is even used today by oldest when they are reported in coews and sheep. Substantially, was described a rich pasture land. 
 
The contribution of the people of Pramanta in the fights of our homeland was decisive in all the critical turning-points of history, from the revolution 1821 until the days of the war in 1940. By the first hours of the national-freedom fight, our village was changed in base of operations of action of kleftarmatoloi. From for the neighboring Melissourgous, the Georgios Karaiskakis and the Gogos Mpakolas take in army the first revolutionary bodies. The dens of heroic Katsantoni and the lacquers above the monastery of Saint Friday were altered in fields of study of rebels. In July of 1821, the hordes of Hoursit Pasha, having destroys already the Sirako and the Kalarrites, burned the villege Pramanta. The answer was not late. From the ridges of Strouggoulas, where they had resorted in order to protected themselves, the men and the women of the village with chieftain the Gogo Mpakola goes in the village and, after a hard battle, turned away the conquerors. In order for them to avoid the reprisal, enough families resorted to Etoloakarnania, to the city Evritania, to the city of Arta and to Peloponnese. It was a scene that was repeated and other times in the history of the village Pramanta. The same year, many people of Pramanta participated, under the leadership of Kitsos Tzavela, the Mark Mpotsaris, Giorgos Karaiskakis, the Papaflessas and other chieftains, in enough battles, in the Theodoriana, in Tripoli, the city of Argos, the Dervenakia and elsewhere. Some of them, in 1822 gave their life in the battle of Plate, most important, at many, martial confrontation of Western Tzoumerka. The fights were continued in 1824 in the Ampliani, in Neokastro, in the Onion, in the Petrochori of Distomou at the Kioutahi, in the Prophet Ilia Salonon, in the Dragamesto, in the Rigani Xiromerou, in the Karvasara. Even in the siege of Mesologgi. In 1826 and 1827, a team of friends of us took part in military enterprises at the Kioutahi in the Hartari of Arahovas. Certain years later, in 1854, hundred armed people of Pramanta and Melisourgous, with leader Spyros Tzavelas, participated in the battle Fly and more generally in the revolution of the city of Artas. Active was also their contribution in the revolution of Thessaly. The fear of reprisals forced a lot of families to leave again from their place and to install itself, mainly, in villages of Evritania. In 1873 in the village Pramanta live only 2.000 individuals. There were functioned two Greek schools with 210 students, which were maintained by subscriptions. Eight years afterwards, came the moment of release. With the treaty of Berlin, in 1881, our village, as a wider department of the entire Epirus, was blamed in the Greek state.
Afterwards was founded the Province Tzoymerka, that was constituted by the municipalities of Theodorias, Agnanta, Pramanta, and Kalarrita, with capital the village Pramanta. The village was organized. In few months, were recommended Postal Office and County court in the Pramanta, as well as Customs Outpost and Sanitary Station in the Christs. On 20 August of the same time, were carried out parliamentary elections, in which the Tzoymerka with 16.659 residents claimed 2 seats. On 30 September 1882 was recommended in the village Pramanta Municipal School for boys. In 1888, a rich man who was named Karapanos and had many land for himself bought in Istanbul from the Avraam Pasha inter alia villages of Tzoumerka and the Pramanta against the sum of 3.500 golden pounds. Chiefs in their place became finally the people of Pramanta on 9 August 1889, signing the repurchase of the village, after they overwhelmed in squire 4.200 golden pounds. From besieged region, in 1897, the free henceforth Pramanta became military centre, from where the people of Pramanta hurried to help their brothers beyond Arachtho that suffered still from the Turkish balance. In 1912 and in 1922 the people of Pramanta corresponded once again in the call of homeland. Some of them returned from the battles, some not. In the magazine "Chronicles of the village Pramanta", they are reported nominally 60 deads in the field of war and some that are disappeared. The years passed. Followed the Greek-Italian war, the German possession and the national resistance. This difficult period it left behind her in the fields of battles and other dead. And other wounded people. The village Pramanta burned again. This time that thing happened from the German warriors. In upset years that they followed enough residents were compelled to abandon the village, seeking better chance in other places, distant. This phenomenon, became still more intense afterwards the devastating earthquake of the First in May of 1967.
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