Nafplio: Nafplio is placed on the southeast part of Argolida and spreads to the biggest part of the Argolida peninsula. It neighbours with Korinthia on the north, Argos and Epidavros bay on the east and Hydra bay and Argolic Gulf on the south. Nafplio was the first capital of the Greek nation after it constituted in 1821. It’s abeautiful city with great intrigue around its history, many monuments to prove it and vivid tourism.
Built on the exact position of the ancient city, on the footroots of Arahneo on lowlandious ground and an extended coastline of beaches, coves and islets that you can tour. There’s an extended list of sites you can visit in Nafplio. The town re-appears during the Byzantine era and the city is an important center and capital of potentates. In 1711 the Venetians build the fortress of Palamidi on the hill of the town. Reaching it after ascending 857 stairs, this complex is parted by seven smaller forts which were named after ancient he-roes (Achilleas, Leonidas and so on).
Theodoros Kolokotronis (headmaster of the Greek revolution in 1821) was priso-ned there. Palamidi communicated through a secret passage with the Akronafplia forttress, which was builted at the end of a tiny peninsula that penetrates the Argolic Gulf. Akronafplia fortress took a final form after constant extentions that followed the first fortifying works during the Classical ages. Byzantines, Franks and Venetians builted ramparts, making additions to protect the city better. Across the fortress Akronafplia at about 310m away from the coastline there’s the Burzi islet on which the Venetians builted a fortress as well. The history of Nafplio from the Byzantine era to the recent ages is recorded and exhibited in the Archeological Museum of Nafplio, in an old beautiful Venetian building in the most picturesque section of the city. You will find ceramics that belong to the Mycenean and Classical Ages, murals from ancient Tiryntha and other exhibits. Visit as many churches as you can, Saint-Anastasios, Saint- George, Saint-Spyridon (Kapodistrias-the first persident of Greece was murdered in the yard of this church).
Nafplios was a navigator, son of Posedeion and a mortal. He was the first one who found out how to make his way in the sea using as a compass the Big Bear and he builted Nafplio (according to mythology). He was a pirate and Aechylos, Sofoklis and Euripidis all wrote about his myth. The name means naval yard of the Argeans and that’s exactly what it was during the ancient ages.The city was inhabited during the Mycenean ages. At the end of the 7th cen-tury BC and though until then the town preserved its autonomy it came to the hands of the Argeans and having the help of Lacedemones the people immigrated to Methoni. Pausanias mentions that during his ages (2nd century BC) the town had already been abandoned but he wrote about remainings of walls that he had seen, a temple dedicated to Poseidon, ports and a spring for which the myth said that Hera bathed herself in it every year and became a virgin.