The municipality of Koufalia stands 40 km away from Thessaloniki, on the northwest section of the city, very close to the river Axios. The inhabitants here are mainly immigrants from Eastern Romylia who settled in this location in 1919. Though Koufalia is rather a small community, the history of the place is very rich and in many cases unexplored. Remains of prehistorical civilizations have been found in the locations Mikri Tumba, Tumba Tavas, Tumba Livaditsas and Trapeza Prohomatos. The area was also very active during the period of the Macedonian struggle, as many important events and fights took place here. Not far away from Koufalia, at Thessaloniki bridge is the exact spot that the Ottomans handed Thessaloniki to the Greeks. Apart from the historical value of the location, Koufalia is also a place of environmental interest. Here laid the lake Yannitson, which when it dried out became a cultivating area that produces rice and tomatoes. The river Axios which is close by is very important for the cultivation and the natural value of the whereabouts. Several spots on the bank of the river have been turned to entertainment spaces, giving the visitors to enjoy the natural scenery. At the center of Axios river there is a part of land called “the island” and is under the protection of the program Natura 2000. The verdulous vegetation makes it the perfect sanctuary for birds. Hunting is prohibited as well as the passage on the island. But since the river is navigable at this point, touring is allowed and the traveler can enjoy the scenery and the sounds this part of the world has to offer.