Kalamaria’s history begins round the 5th century BC. At Karaburnaki (the cape of Kalamaria) excavations have recovered indications of a prehistorical civilization, which acmed during the 5th century BC and was in communication with the Myceneans, Attiki, Ionia and the islands of the Aegean open sea. There are divided opinions among the archeologists whether Karaburnaki was the location of the ancient city Thermi, or the trading port. Kalamaria as a name is first mentioned in a text in 1083, and the name was referring to the north-east section of Thessaoniki. The name probably meant “good side”, describing the verdulous location, the richness of the grounds in goods and the beauty of the place. Another version, claims that Kalamaria was the side of the port that protected the Thermaikos Gulf from the invasion of the Arabs during the Byzantine Ages up to the 10th century AC. In 1300 Kalamaria was called by the Byzantines Kapetanikion. At those times Kapetanikion was a huge place where few cultivators inhabited and monasteries existed. The territory remains almost uninhabited up to 1920, when immigrants from Kaukasus and Georgia settled here their houses. The population of the immigrants rose when in 1922 more immigrants arrived from Asia Minor, due to the exchange of populations. Kalamaria becomes the land of the immigrants. Just a decade before Macedonia was liberated from the Ottomanic domination. The equilibrium had to be settled again. In 1926 the effort to shelter the immigrants begins. Kalamaria is the natural passage to Halkidiki and the gate that led from Thessaloniki to Halkidiki was named Kalamaria gate. Nowadays, the municipality is one of the most developed in Thessaloniki, partially because of the immigrants. Theatres, all kinds of unions, athletic centers and stores combine this multi- cultural municipality.