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History of Arta Town

The Amvrakia which is the ancient Arta took her name from the Amvraka, son of Thesprotos, while another version connects this village with the Amvrakia, girl of Melanea. 

In 620 before Christ.  Amvrakia was founded by the Gorgo, illegitimate son of Kybeloy, tyrant of Corinthus in region where it belongs in Dryopes. The Amvrakia took part in the Persian Wars and allocated seven boats in the naval battle of Salamine and five hundred soldiers in the battle of Plateon. This season was manufactured the public Polyandrio cenotaph, in order for the city to honours the deads that was lost in naval battle. More important was the western cemetery founded at length of an ancient avenue that began from the southern main gate and led in Amvrako, which is the centre of the city to the Amvrakikos. The avenue-holy road, width of twelve metres, was built by stone (has been revealed up to moment length roughly 300m., near in the National Stage) and was framed from monumental cemetery gardens. In an inscription of Polyandriou there is the older testimony of the name of city Amvrakia.

 In 582 before Christ.  Amvrakia had democratic regime, afterwards the tyranny of Periandroy (74 years previous from the Democracy of Kleisyhenis). Famous Amvrakiotis was the sculptor Polystratos where lived the 6th century before christ, the musician Epigonos and the poet of Medium Comedy Epikratis. The Paysanias reports the Amvrakioti Olympic champion Leontas that overcame in the 96th position of the Olympic Games. 

In 500 before Christ.  Was built the temple of Apollon Swtiras (near in the square Kilkis) that was worshipped as Pithios and as Agiefs. In the temple of Apollon assigned the Amvrakiotes the public texts and their documents while his symbol, vaitilos, characterizes the currencies and the public seals of Amvrakias.

In 379-316 before Christ. Was lived the Olympiada, girl of king of Molosson Neoptolemos, spouse of Philippos V' of Macedonia and mother of Big Alexandros (the head of Olympiada is the emblem of POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE of the Continent (Epirus).

In 320-272 before Christ
. The king Pyrros (monarch and big General) created the "Big Continent (Epirus)" with capital the Amvrakia 295 before christ. Strengthened and extended his kingdom in the Continent (Epirus) , envisioned the creation of big Greek empire in the West and the union of Greece with "two Sicilies". Made again from the beggining the Amvrakia with temples, public and private buildings and a lot of work of art. In the same season probably was built the Bridge, the most acquaintance bridge in the entire Greece. Then were built the Small Theatre, in the centre of the ancient city (near in the Agio Konstantino), the Big Theatre, near in the temple of Apollon and the Prytaneio of Amvrakia that was revealed near in the temple of Apollo.

In 189 before Christ.  Public and private buildings of Amvrakia were encountered with artistic treasures. The total almost big plastic was removed from the Amvrakia and was transported in Rome, with order of supreme Mark Foulviou Novilioros, afterwards the siege of Amvrakia.

167 before Christ. Roman season.

In 31 before Christ.
 With the foundation of Nikopolis of the Oktavianos August, a lot of residents of Amvrakia were compelled to install themselves in the new city.

In 1000 after Christ.
 We presented for the first time the name Arta. Arta = closely, narrow, powerful, difficult (from Latin artus, Arta, artum=narrow). Chronograph of the Continent (Epirus) Serafeim Xenopoulos reports that the Arta received this name: "via the abundance of cereals and also of the other remaining products.

In 1204 before Christ.  Became the Fourth Crusade, in the Arta came the Micheal Aggelos Duke Komninos. 

In 1231-1271 after Christ.  Micheal V' Doukas Komninos, spouse of Saint Theodora, founder of Despotat of Continent (Epirus), with capital the Arta. This period was built the Castle of the city. His strengthened grounds are strengthened by 18 towers, some from which they are not of the Byzantine season, but later. Roughly in the centre of fortification are saved the ruins of building of big dimensions with Byzantine structure. The building is believed that it was the Palace of the despots and simultaneously centre of administration of their state, in the same space should was found also the mint, that is known that is functioned in the Arta from the beginning the 13th century. 

In 1265-1289 after Christ.  Nikiforos A' Komninos Doukas spouse of Annas Palaiologinas (girl of Ioannis Kantakouzinos and Peace, brother of Emperor Micheal I' of Istanbul). Afterwards the death of her spouse, the Anna the Palaiologina, played sovereign role in the affairs of Despotat up to this 1318. Period, between the years 1285 until 1289 was built the Virgin Mary the Parigoritissa, the more important church of Despotat of Continent (Epirus), the masterpiece of Byzantine architecture, an eight angle cruciate temple. One still important monument of the same period is the church of Saint Theodora, which is built in the type of three clits royal. 

In 1318-1337 after Christ.  The Italian family Orsini (Nikolaos and Ioannis) installed itself in the Arta. In 1326 after Christ because the lot of rainfalls, the watercourse of Arachthos changed and was drowned roughly 2500 residents of the city. 

In 1349 after Christ.  Serbian possession of Artas from the Stefano Dousan. 

In 1358-1416 after Christ.  Albanian possession from the Liosa and Spata. 

In 1416 after Christ.  Italian Duke Tokkos Karolos came in the Arta. 

In 1449 after Christ.  24 March, the Arta falls in the hands of Turks. 

In 1470 after Christ.
 Was given birth in the Arta the Maximos Graikos (at world Micheal Trivolis). Wrote 365 letters and he called the "Louthiros of the East". Was big his offer in the Russian culture and reformed ecclesiastical Russia. It died in 1555. 

In the 1479 after Christ.  Vonitsa falls in the hands of Turks. Finally the Despotat of Continent (Epirus).

 In 1612 after Christ.  It was repaired the big bridge of Arta (the length of bridge it is 142 m., the width of 3,75 m. and it is constituted by four big bows and many more smaller than the other four). It is the bridge that the difficulty of his manufacture gave food in the tradition, the fable, the poetry, the painting, the music and the theatre. The known municipal song, that praises the sacrifice of the woman of the mechanic of the structure of the bridge in order to fixes the bridge, existed model for variants of songs in all Balkan. 

In 1650 after Christ.  Was manufactured the clock of the city (a square tower of 11 metres). The clock had initial Arabic numbers and was decorated with enamel. 

In 1779 after Christ.  Was given birth in the Kompoti of Artas, the ringleader of the Friendly Company, Nikolaos Skoyfas. In the Arta, in the house of sovereign Athanasios Lidorikis, lived enough years, Makrigiannis the general of the Revolution in 1821. 

In 1780 after Christ.
 Was given birth in the Skoulikaria of Artas the Georgios Karaiskakis that lived like a hero in fighting in the battle of Athens 1827. 

In 1822 after Christ. Was given the battle of Peta and also the sacrifice of those who likes the Greece. 

In 1881 after Christ.
 24 June, release of Arta. Became the last repair of the bridge of Arta. 

In the 1882 after Christ.  
 Farmers of Arta precursors of Rural Movement in Greece. First serious conflict of squires and kolligous without deads (30 years before the bloody facts of the Thessaly village Kileler). 

In 1943 after Christ.  On 16 August in the Kommeno that is a village of Arta, the Germans killed 317 unarmed residents and burned the village.
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